This project covers forming a concrete pad stair landing for your deck.
Many concrete patios and sidewalks are less than 2 inches thick and lack metal reinforcing. In areas with freezing winters, they will almost certainly develop cracks. These pages show how to build a long-lasting pad.
A concrete slab may be raised one step height above the yard or an adjacent patio surface, or it can be set just above ground level. If the pad is 75 square feet or smaller, you don't need to worry about drainage. To determine the location and height of a landing for the steps. The pad shown here includes two piers to key into its sloped site. Omit the piers for a level site.
Though it may feel solid a few hours after pouring, concrete takes a week or two to achieve full strength. Wait at least three days before exerting heaving pressure on the pad.
About a day to excavate, build forms, mix concrete, pour, and finish the surface
Level, tape measure, circular saw, sledgehammer, drill, hammer, wire cutters, concrete, wheelbarrow, hoe, concrete finishing tools (opposite page)
Measuring and cutting, checking for level and square, mixing in a wheelbarrow, smoothing a concrete surface
Determine the location for the pad and remove any sod
Lumber for forms and stakes, gravel, bags of dry-mix concrete, reinforcing wire mesh
Using a wooden, steel, or magnesium float (shown below left), smooth out the entire area. With the float held nearly flat, lightly scrape across the pad in long, sweeping arcs. As you work, water will rise to the top. Keep smoothing as long as the surface is wet. Once it has started to dry, lightly drag a broom across it to create a nonslip surface.