Floor Repair: How to Repair & Maintain Floors
Your floors will last for years if you regularly clean and maintain them. Check with the manufacturer for specifics on caring for your floors.Projects in Repair and Maintenance
Regular vacuuming and damp-mopping with a mild cleanser keeps tile in top condition. To clean stained grout joints, dip an old toothbrush into full-strength bleach and scrub to clean the grout joints. Rinse.
Stone or concrete
Keep hard but porous surfaces -- such as marble, granite, slate, brick, and concrete -- looking good by applying the manufacturer-recommended sealant.
Wood floors (including parquet)
Today's factory-applied polyurethane finishes make wood floors durable and easy to clean. Wipe up spills immediately. Dust the floor with a dust mop treated with a dusting agent. Wash the mop head regularly. For weekly or biweekly cleaning, vacuum with a floor brush attachment. Do not use a vacuum with a beater bar (or turn off the beater bar). To prevent grit damage place rugs at entrances and in front of appliances and sinks. Include a boot removal area to avoid damage from water and deicers. Use protective pads under furniture.
Remove dust and dirt with a broom, dust mop, or vacuum. A quick wipe with a damp mop works well between deep cleanings. Choose a nonabrasive all-purpose cleaner.
Regular vacuuming protects the life of carpeting. Vacuum carpeted main living areas, stairs, and high-traffic areas of your home at least twice a week, more frequently if you have children or pets. Place doormats on both sides of each exterior door to trap dirt before it enters the house. Sweep and shake out rugs every day, particularly during inclement weather when more dirt can be tracked in.
Thoroughly clean carpet every 12 to 18 months, more often in high-traffic areas. Clean more frequently, two or three times a year, if you have children and pets or if you have light-colored carpet.
Cleaning cork means cleaning the finish, usually polyurethane or acrylic. For polyurethane clean with water and mild detergent or white vinegar; rinse well. Check with the manufacturer about recommended products. Avoid polishes if you prefer a matte finish; expect to refinish every 8 to 10 years. If the cork is unfinished or waxed, follow the cleaning instructions for polyurethane and apply solid or liquid wax.
Dust laminate with a dust mop treated with a dusting agent to pick up dust, dirt, and pet hair. Never use abrasive cleansers and avoid using excessive amounts of water. To prevent grit damage place rugs at entrances and in front of appliances and sinks. Include a boot removal area to avoid damage from water and deicers. Use protective pads under furniture.